1. Right Understanding - sammā ditthi
Deeper understanding of the Buddhist teachings.
(The Buddha never expected from his followers to believe his teachings blindly, but rather to practise them and judge for themselves whether they were true.)
2. Right Intention - sammā san̄kappa
A commitment to cultivate the right attitudes.
3. Right Speech - sammā vācā
Speaking truthfully, avoiding slander, gossip and abusive speech.
4. Right Action - sammā kammanta
Behaving peacefully and harmoniously; refraining from stealing, killing and overindulgence in sensual pleasure.
5. Right Livelihood - sammā ājīva
Avoiding making a living in ways that cause harm, such as exploiting people or killing animals, or trading in intoxicants or weapons.
6. Right Effort - sammā vāyāma
Cultivating positive states of mind; freeing oneself from evil and unwholesome states and preventing them arising in future.
7. Right Mindfulness - sammā sati
Developing awareness of the body, sensations, feelings and states of mind.
8. Right Concentration - sammā samādhi
Developing the mental focus necessary for this awareness.